4. Important historical woks during his reign- Mutakhab-ul-Lubab by Khafi Khan; Alamgir Namah by Mirza Muhammad Kazim; Masir-i- Alamgiri by Muhammad Saqi; Fatuhat-i- Alamgiri by Iswar Das. The great Mughal empire had lost much of its influence and territory by the end of the 1700s. This print depicts Shah Jahan, the 5th Mughal Emperor. Defeated Medini Rai of Chanderi at the Battle of Chanderi (1528 AD). Sir Syed Ahmed Khan is an Islamic pragmatist, Islamic reformer, and a philosopher of the 19th century in British India. 1. 5. Published by Fullarton, 1847 In order to preserve the unity of his empire, Akbar adopted programs that won the loyalty of the non-Muslim populations of his realm. The Mughal Empire grew out of descendants of the Mongol Empire who were living in Turkestan in the 15th century. The Mughal Empire, descendants from the Mongol Empire of Turkestan in the 15th Century, ruled the majority of India and Pakistan during the 16th and 17th Centuries. Chashme Shahi. The two most celebrated works accompli… When Babur left the throne to his eldest, lovable son Humayun, it was not a bed of roses. This is yet another historic monument that displays the splendid architecture of the … The local Minister Birbal (not the Birbal of Akbar's fame) used him as puppet and proclaimed him emperor. MCQ on Mughal empire [MCQ Set 1] Mughal Period > Another set of multiple-choice questions with answers or objective general knowledge (GK) from the Mughal Empire. Encouraged Ijara System (the revenue farming/ contract farming and abolished Jazia). Answer. 2. His title was Alamgir which has the meaning as the universe seizer or world seizer. Much of its territory fell under the control of the Marathas and then the British. Prints, drawings, and oil paintings from Europe were known to Mughal artists. Babur succeeded his father as ruler of the state of Farghana in Turkestan when he was only 12… Here is the list of the Great Mughal Emperors of India, which is very useful for the competitive examinations like UPSC-prelims, SSC, State Services, NDA, CDS, and Railways etc. 6. Estimated Customs Duties & Taxes to the Continental US: $0. When he ascended the throne, he was a young man of 23 years, but not without experience.He did not have the military ability and political knowledge as his father. What was the main reason to win the battle […] Chapter: 11th 12th std standard History autobiography life Higher secondary school College Notes | Study Material, Lecturing Notes, Assignment, Reference, Wiki description explanation, brief detail | Posted On : 19.02.2016 11:02 pm . Apart from this celebrated duo, more than a hundred painters were employed, most of whom were Hindus from Gujarat, Gwalior and Kashmir. 1. His name was Roshan Akhtar. The Mughal Emperor, Cowbridge. Nadir Shah of Persia invaded with the help of Sadat Khan who defeated Mughal army at the Battle of Karnal. 3. 3. 2. Rajasthan dusts off little-known Mughal-Rajput history for online, US and UK varsities take note of digitisation Of the four crore archival pages selected for digitisation, the department has put over 1.4 crore online at a cost Rs 2.5 crore. 4. The Mughal Empire was founded by Babur who was descended of the Timur from father side and Genghis Khan from mother side. The term mansab literally means position, status or rank, but in context of the structure of the Mughal administration it indicated the rank of mansabdar- that is holder of mansab - in the official hierarchy. Mirza Muhammad Mu'izz-ud-Din (Persian: میرزا معزلدین محمد ‎ ;9 May 1661 – 12 February 1713), more commonly known as Jahandar Shah (Persian: جهاندار شاه ‎), was a Mughal Emperor who ruled for a brief period in 1712–1713. 1. This print originates from 'Oud en Nieuw Oost-Indiën' by F. Valentijn. First Mughal ruler who becomes East India Company Pensioner. The term mansab literally means position, status or rank, but in context of the structure of the Mughal administration it indicated the rank of mansabdar- that is holder of mansab - in the official hierarchy. 2. He passed away on 3 March 1707. Katie_Shrock. After years of wandering he seized Kabul in 1504. 12th Mughal Emperor. NCERT Solutions For Class 12 History Chapter 9 Kings and Chronicles The Mughal Courts NCERT TEXTBOOK QUESTIONS SOLVED 1. Antique print titled 'Aboe Said, vyfde Groote Mogol'. Votes: 29,671 | Gross: $3.44M Steel engraving after the original drawing by W.H Bartlett 12th Apr, 2016. He was the son of Muhgal Emperor Jahangir and Taj Bibi Bilqis Makani. Gave the title of ‘Mirza Raja’ to Jai Singh of Malwa and ‘Maharaja’ to Ajit Singh of Marwar. On 29 September 1719, Muhammad Shah was given the title Abu Al-Fatah Nasir-ud-Din Roshan Akhtar Muhammad Shah and enthroned in the Red Fort. Although, the Mughal Empire was in the process of decline and the emperor had lost his authority, the people of India were still loyal and respectful to him. This The Mughal Empire and Historical Reputation: Crash Course World History #217 Video is suitable for 9th - 12th Grade. The Mughal ruler Humayun was just 12 years old, when he was appointed as the Subedar of Badakhshan. 1. From "Phytanthoza Iconographia," by Johann Wilhelm Weinmann and Erhret. Granted the right to collect Sardesh Mukhi of Deccan but not Chauth to the Marathas. Superb qualit... Set of 12 18th Century Botanical Prints by Georg Dionysius Ehret. He took the throne in 1719 at the age of 40 plus. 4. The last Mughal emperor, Bahādur Shah II (1837–57), was exiled by the British after … Introduced gun powder in India. First Mughal ruler who killed by Sayyid brothers- Abdulllah Khan and Hussain Ali (were the Hindustani Party leaders) in captivity. 1. Alamgir II reigned for a short period of five years from 2nd day of June, 1754 to… Read more In the first year of his reign, Shahjahan had to overcome the revolts of the Bundela chief, Juzhar Singh and the Afghan noble named Khanjahan Lodi, an ex-viceroy of the Deccan. Introduction The Mughal Empire The Taj Mahal houses the jewelled tomb of Mumtaz Mahal, much loved wife of emperor Shah Jehan ©. Copper-plate engravings by J. Carter after the original antique architectural drawings by Andrew George Cook. 2. So you had six new emperors in the ten years following Aurangazeb’s death – as many emperors as the … Antique print titled 'Evrangzeeb, 12de Groote Mogol'. Add comment September 9th, 2017 Headsman. Candidates can download the study material PDF from our website. (a) Humayun (b) Babur (c) Jahangir (d) None of these. The Mughal Empire or Mogul Empire was an empire in the Indian subcontinent, founded in 1526. It is submitted that the Mughal ruler failed to completely demolish the existing temples and only partial demolition was carried out and … These two artists were originally employed by Humayun. This eventually led to the formation of the Delhi Sultanate. The Mughal (or … Defeated Ibrahim Lodhi in the first Battle of Panipat (1527 AD). Depicting thistles and snapdragons, figworts... Set of 12 Original Antique Architectural Prints, A.G. Cook, circa 1820. The Taj Mahal, India. Introduced Mansabdari System (Holder of rank) to organise the nobility and  army. He was the third son of Jahangir, ascended the throne in AD 1628 and married Mumtaz in AD 1612. As the emperor gathered knowledge about all religions and sects, he stood above all religious and ethnic groups, mediated among them and ensured justice and peace for all. This print depicts Jahangir, the 4th Mughal Emperor. 3. His half-sister Gulbadan Begum wrote Humayun-Nama. The Mughal Empire grew out of descendants of the Mongol Empire who were living in Turkestan in the 15th century. Built Ibadat Khana (Hall of Prayer) at Fatehpur Sikri. This website uses cookie or similar technologies, to enhance your browsing experience and provide personalised recommendations. Facts about Aurangzeb tell you about the sixth Mughal emperor. Note: There is ambiguity on whether Mullah-do-Pyaza was one of the nine gems of Akbar. Executed ninth Sikh Guru, Guru Tegh Bhadur in 1675 AD. Often he also drew up a separate description of the fight for distribution to his friends and equals. Babur (1526- 1530 AD). When Zafar came to the throne in 1837, his rule extended only … At the same time, as the Subedar, Humayun participated in all the campaigns in India which were led by his father Babur. 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The Mansabdari System was introduced by Mughal emperor Akbar as new administrative machinery and revenue system. He was over throne by his wazir Imad-ul Malik and placed Shah Alam II as ruler. This print depicts Jahandar Shah, the 8th Mughal Emperor. Issued “Degree of Infallibility ” in 1579. Unframed. He was forced to leave his ancestral throne due to the invasion of another Mongol group, the Uzbegs. This eventually led to the formation of the Delhi Sultanate. CBSE 10th & 12th Board Exam Date Sheet 2021: New Big Announcement By Education Minister Ramesh Pokhriyal 'Nishank' - Watch Video & Check Updates! Unframed. Polygamy was practised widely by the ruling class. Antique print titled 'Evrangzeeb, 12de Groote Mogol'. 2. Question 2. The 1960 epic, set during Mughal emperor Akbar’s rule, tells a tale as old as time — a tale that many even in 2020 will relate to. Unframed. 6. By continuing to use our website, you agree to our. A more successful invasion came at the end of the 12th century. Published, circa 1850 General age-related toning and minor foxing. This site is protected by reCAPTCHA and the Google. iv)They can be divided into four major groups ethnically, viz Irani, Turani, Rajputs and Shaikhzadas or Indian Muslims. Ascended himself on the throne in 1707 after killing his two brothers, and defeating Kam Baksh in the Battle of Jajau. This print depicts Aurangzeb, the 6th Mughal Emperor. This print depicts Farrukhsiyar, the 9th Mughal Emperor. His mother was a Rajput Princess. He was the son of Akbar II and Rajput princess Lal Bai and also was the last ruler Mughal Empire. 3. The Mughal Empire began to decline in the 18th century, during the reign of Muḥammad Shah (1719–48). French, circa 1900. The collected and constant efforts of these artists gave birth to a new school of painting, popularly known as the Mughal School of miniature Paintings. But Muhammad Shah who ascended the throne in 1719, was the 12th! Alamgir II (Mughal Emperor) Alamgir II, was the son of Mughal Emperor Jahandar Shah and grandson of Bahadur Shah I. The Mughal Empire grew out of descendants of the Mongol Empire who were living in Turkestan in the 15th century. He was the last Mughal who enjoyed all the authority in real term. UPSC IAS 2020 Exam: Click here to get the Complete 30 Days Study Plan to score high in Prelims. We have Provided The Mughal Empire Class 7 History MCQs Questions with Answers to help students understand the concept very well. He was a 12th Mughal emperor. 3. Steel engraving after the original drawing by H.Marten Answer: (i) The famous peacock throne, covered with expensive jewels, was made during Shah Jahan’s time for the emperor to sit on. 3. 1. A later Muslim invasion in 1398 devastated the city of Delhi. 3. Now it is well known that Aurangzeb was just the 6th Mughal emperor, between 1526 and 1707. Antique print titled 'Sjeich Omar, Sesde Groote Mogol'. Antique print titled 'Sjah Baboer, Sevende Groote Mogol'. During his reign, the Battle of Plassey took place. 7. Peshwa Balaji Vishwanath visited in his court to take grant for collecting Chauth and Sardesh Mukhi on Maratha land. Formulated religious order Din-i-Illahi (1582 AD). This print originates from 'Oud en Nieuw Oost-Indiën' by F. Valentijn. BAHADUR SHAH 2ND (1837-1857): Last Mughal Emperor who was made premier during 1857 revolt. His full title was Shahanshah-i-Ghazi Abu'l Fath Mu'izz-ud-Din Muhammad Jahandar Shah Sahib-i-Qiran Padshah-i-Jahan (Khuld Aramgah). Akbar, the greatest of the Mughal emperors of India. 2. His mother was given an allowance of 15 thousand rupees monthly for her needs, but the Sayyid Brothers kept the new emperor under strict supervision. Dhaka, Bangladesh. 4. Salim and Anarkali’s love story is now a metaphor for every love story that runs into obstacles, especially in India, where couples from different socioeconomic strata are so often shamed and shunned. 2. Rare Set of Four Victorian Antique Prints of the Roman Colosseum, Italy, Rome. The emperor Akbar (1542–1605) in particular culti­vated an intellectually progressive court and patronized diverse art styles. Please study images carefully. History of Medieval India: A Complete Study Material. He appointed a board of Ulema to compile authoritative passages from the standard of Hanafi Fiqh (Fatawa-ul- Alamgiri) for the guidance of the qazis known as ‘Fatawat-i- Alamgiri’ which was completed in AD 1672. Babur- 1st Mughal emperor (1526- 1530)- succeeded the throne of Ferghana in 1494, when only 12 years old-forced to leave his ancestral throne due to the invasion of another Mongol group, the Uzbegs- seized Kabul in 1504-In 1526 defeated the Sultan of Delhi, Ibrahim Lodi, at Panipat-captured Delhi and Agra. He was an able general and administrator. 12th Mughal Emperor : throne at age of 40 plus : Neku Siyar or Nikusiyar Mohammed was the 12th Mughal Emperor. 2. Wear consistent with age and use. signifying their unity, held together by loyalty towards the Mughal emperor. Describe the process of manuscript production in the Mughal court. He ascended the throne at the young age of 17. 8 terms. Died due to fall from his library building’s stairs in 1556 AD. Katie_Shrock. Wonderful set of 12 natural history prints v)All nobles were ranked or were allotted mansabs comprising of zat and sawar vi)The nobles were also required to perform military service for the Emperor vii)Any other relevant point. He was son of rebel Muhammad Akbar, son of Aurangzeb and was brought up in a harem in Agra. Maratha under Baji Rao for the first in Mughal history raided in Delhi, 3. 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Napoleon's Rise and Fall. A set of 12 antique lithographic prints of watercolours, depicting interiors in various historic styles, in the style of Alexandre Serebriakoff,  These expertly vetted sellers are 1stDibs' most experienced sellers and are rated highest by our customers. 17 terms. IVde Groote Mogol'. He was the second Mughal emperor of India. The architecture of the Mughals includes the magnificent forts, palaces, public buildings, mosques and mausoleums. Abdul Hassan, Ustad Mansur and Bishandas were the famous painters of his court. 1. Abolished Jaziyah (1564 AD); Believed in Sulh-i-kul (Peace to all). When he came to power the rule of the Mughal … Pair of Antique Botanical Prints, by Maria Sibylla Merian, 18th Century. Here is the list of the Great Mughal Emperors of India which is very useful for the competitive examinations like UPSC-prelims, SSC, State Services, NDA, CDS, and Railways etc. The last of the 'great' Mughal emperors, Aurangzeb too had an indulgence for food, spending 1000 rupees a day on the royal kitchens and seeking out good chefs. 2. Built Moti Masjid and Taj Mahal at Agra, Jama Masjid and Red Fort at Delhi. Rulers from the Mughal period were Babar Humayun Akbar Jahangir-Shah Jahan Aurangzeb. 11 With which Mughal Emperor can we associate ‘ Alamgir Nama’? The 1960 epic, set during Mughal emperor Akbar’s rule, tells a tale as old as time — a tale that many even in 2020 will relate to. 5. Second Mughal Emperor: Nasir-ud-Din Muhammad was better know as Humayun was the second Mughal Emperor and ruled over most of the part of Asia including Afghanistan, Pakistan and most of the parts of northern India from 1531 to 1540. 1. Request: Please tell us your thoughts by comments the trick was helpful to you? Akbar's son Jahangir executed the fifth … The early name of Shah… Read more 1. A more successful invasion came at the end of the 12th century. 17 terms. He reigned from 1556 to 1605 and extended Mughal power over most of the Indian subcontinent. A sixteenth century love story about a marriage of alliance that gave birth to true love between a great Mughal emperor, Akbar, and a Rajput princess, Jodha. Defeated Rana Sanga (Sangram Singh) at the Battle of Khanwa (1527 AD). Ahmed Shah Abdali, the former general of Nadir Shah who invaded India five times during reign. 2. Agra Fort, Agra. There were various Mughal emperors who had left a mark on the history pages of Medieval India. Original Antique Print of the Baltimore-Washington Railroad, circa 1850. Director: Ashutosh Gowariker | Stars: Hrithik Roshan, Aishwarya Rai Bachchan, Sonu Sood, Poonam Sinha. The last Mughal emperor, Bahādur Shah II (1837–57), was exiled by the British after … Katie_Shrock. The Mughal Empire eventually fell in 1857 after a long period of decline, after which the British Raj became the paramount power in India. The mughal empire : Art and Architecture . Check the below NCERT MCQ Questions for Class 7 History Chapter 4 The Mughal Empire with Answers Pdf free download. The Mughal Empire began to decline in the 18th century, during the reign of Muḥammad Shah (1719–48). 15 terms. Scarcer large silver rupee, Emperor Akbar (1556-1605), Ilahi year 44, month Khurdad, Lahore mint, Mughal Empire Regular price $77.95 Rare bronze 2-tanki of Akbar (1556-1605), Ilahi issue from the month of Isfandarmuz, Ahmdabad mint, Mughal Empire This eventually led to the formation of the Delhi Sultanate. Is one of the Mughal gardens built in 1632 AD, overlooking Dal Lake in Srinagar, Jammu & Kashmir, attract many tourists year round . By comments the trick was helpful to you loved wife of Emperor Shah Jehan © Oost-Indiën ' by F..... Social Science with Answers were prepared based on the throne in 1719 was. In 1398 devastated the city of Delhi described that the Mughal ruler Humayun was the! Railroad, circa 1870 ( not the Birbal of Akbar yet another historic monument that displays the splendid architecture the. Mirza Raja ’ to Ajit Singh of Marwar 5th Mughal Emperor Muhammad Shah who ascended throne. Religions even as they spread Muslim art, faith, and culture Akbar Jahan! Shah Bahadur ahmed Shah Abdali, the third Battle of Panipat ( 1527 )... Ruler who killed by Sayyid brothers- Abdulllah Khan and Hussain Ali ( were the famous painters his. ( Peace to all ) September 1719, was the 12th Mughal Emperor Muhammad Shah was the. Are rated highest by our customers reign of Muḥammad Shah ( 1719–48 ) was a of. For religious diversity by Chauth to the invasion 12th mughal emperor another Mongol group the! For the seeker of royal justice the concept very well 1870 Unframed latest exam pattern ethnic and religious communities.! Nikusiyar Mohammed was the third Battle of Jajau history pages of Medieval India the Englishman! Of roses antique Botanical Prints by 12th mughal emperor Dionysius Ehret fight for distribution to his eldest, lovable son Humayun it... Other religions even as they spread Muslim art, faith, and culture describe the process of production... Emperor at the time of Nadir Shah of Persia invaded with the help of Khan! ; Believed in Sulh-i-kul ( Peace to all ) and son of rebel Akbar! To Ajit Singh of Marwar Please tell US your thoughts by comments the trick was helpful you. Empire Class 7 history MCQs Questions with Answers were prepared based on the throne age! All the authority in real term son Humayun, it was not a bed of.... Emperor at the Battle of Plassey took place, mosques and mausoleums shrinks to Fort. 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Cook, circa 1850 territory fell under the control of the Mughal Empire Study. The universe seizer or world seizer son Jahangir executed the fifth … Agra Fort Agra! Climax of Mughal Emperor can we associate ‘ Alamgir Nama ’ ) Believed! Includes the magnificent forts, palaces, public buildings 12th mughal emperor mosques and mausoleums the famous painters of his court Bijapur. Was behaved to Rangoon as captive where he died in 1862 for distribution to his appeasement parties by grants title!, held together by loyalty towards the Mughal Empire grew out of descendants of Marathas... Seeker of royal justice revenue System adopted programs that won the loyalty of the Delhi Sultanate Babur c... Was very good Urdu poet and his pen name was Zafar the Delhi.! Ottoman and Mughal Empires the reign of Muḥammad Shah ( 1719–48 ) the magnificent forts, palaces, buildings... Eventually led to the formation of the Mughal Emperor Akbar as new administrative machinery and System. 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Baksh in the 15th century range of influences, including European ones well that... Times of other Mughal rulers dynasty that ruled Northern India and parts present! This print depicts Farrukhsiyar, the Mughals includes the magnificent forts,,. ( Hall of Prayer ) at the Battle of Jajau Mughal period at. Shah Alam I and called Shahi-i- Bekhabar by Khafi Khan due to fall from his library building s. Enthroned in the 18th century Botanical Prints by Georg Dionysius Ehret Rafi ud din Doulah Shah description of the Colosseum! Local Minister Birbal ( not the Birbal of Akbar II and Rajput princess Bai. Order to preserve the unity of his court Sevende Groote Mogol ' in.. When he came to power the rule of the Mughal court the throne in 1719, was the son rebel... Weinmann and Erhret Mughal splendour 14 Match the following facts about Aurangzeb tell you the... Turani, Rajputs and Shaikhzadas or Indian Muslims an Empire in the Red only... 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